Phenomenon of “communicative act”: A psycholinguistics perspective

Abstrakt

The article presents the theoretical study of the phenomenon “communicative act” from
the point of view of psycholinguistics. The article describes different approaches to the
phenomenon “communicative act” and provides a representative and analysis of the main
structural components. The article proves the text to be the basic unit of communication,
determines the universal characteristics of the text as the basic manifestation of the
communicative act (there are 11). The purpose of the article is to present the communicative
act theoretically in an optimally wide range of problems that are relevant to modern science
in general, and psycholinguistics in particular, and also to represent the theoretical analysis of
the universal characteristics of the text as a basic manifestation of the communicative act. In
addition, the article presents the data from a psycholinguistics proper perspective and also
incorporates perspectives from psychology, philosophy, and philology that are necessary from
the point of view of the essence of the problem. It is determined that a speaking person acts
as a subject of communication, appearing at each moment of his/her communication
simultaneously in three parts, as a set of “personality” phenomena – as a personality
1) language, 2) speech, and 3) communicative. It is shown that communication can be
structuralized. The basic unit of communication is a communicative act, understood as
a functionally integral piece of communication, the core of which is a text (a monologue,
a dialogue or a polylogue). In each communicative act, four components are distinguished
and, therefore, four aspects 1) the extra-linguistic aspect; 2) the semantic aspect; 3) the
cognitive aspect; 4) the proper linguistic aspect.

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